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A digital to analog converter with an R2R ladder network as shown in figure 2 eliminates these complications at the expense of an additional resistor for each bit. Figure 2: DAC Employing R2R Ladder Network. The operation of R2R ladder DAC is easily explained considering the weights of the different bits one at a time.The R2R Ladder Network is commonly used for Digital to Analog (DA) conversions and Analog to Digital (AD) conversion by successive approximations. The bits of the ladder are the points at which input signals are presented to the ladder and the output terminal (OUT) is the point at which the output is taken from the R2R ladder. r-2r ladder network

What Is an R2R Ladder DAC? By constructing a different kind of resistor network on the input of our summing circuit, we can achieve the same kind of binary weighting with only two kinds of resistor values, and with only a modest increase in resistor count.

R2R LADDER DAC. An enhancement of the binaryweighted resistor DAC is the R2R ladder network. This type of DAC utilizes Thevenins theorem in arriving at the desired output voltages. The R2R network consists of resistors with only two values R and 2xR. If each input is supplied The most popular networks are the binary weighted ladder and the R2R ladder. Figure shown below is a diagram of the basic R2R ladder network with N bits. Note that the network consists of only two resistor values; R and 2R (twice the value of R) no matter how many bits make up the ladder.r-2r ladder network R2R resistor ladder network (digital to analog conversion) A basic R2R resistor ladder network is shown in Figure 1. Bit a n1 (most significant bit, MSB) through bit a 0 (least significant bit, LSB) are driven from digital logic gates. Ideally, the bit inputs are switched between V